DRIVE ON THE LEFT
Driving in Zimbabwe and Zambia is on the left. Give way to traffic coming from the right. On roundabouts, vehicles on the circle have right of way.
Diesel, petrol and motor oils are readily available for cash in US$ or SA Rands at borderposts and fuel outlets in all major towns in Zimbabwe (including Victoria Falls and Kariba). Most fuel stations only accept card payments with local bank cards. If self-driving to remote National Park areas, always carry enough fuel for the return journey. Most garages will fill metal containers, but not plastic ones. Fuel for houseboat charters can be purchased from the harbours in Kariba, Binga and Mlibizi.
Bringing a car across a border involves bureaucracy such as Police Clearance, and charges for Third Party Insurance (US$30), Road Tax (US$10) and Carbon Tax (between US$10 and US$30 depending on the vehicle engine capacity). A COMESA Yellow Card, obtainable via an Insurance Broker, can be used instead of paying Third Party Insurance. There are additional charges at the Beitbridge Borderpost (see chart).
Foreign driving licences are acceptable for up to 90 days (or indefinite, if from the SADC region).
Help with Borderposts: There is a useful Facebook page for information and help about crossing the border at Beitbridge: See: www.facebook.com/crossingbeitbridge. For assistance at Kariba see: Tourism Assistance at Kariba borderpost
Be warned that car hire in Zimbabwe (particularly 4x4 hire) is extremely expensive in comparison to other countries. Fully-equipped and reliable 4x4s are not readily available in Zimbabwe, and can usually only be hired if you take a self-drive, guided 4x4 tour. Many independent travellers prefer to hire fully-equipped 4x4 vehicles in South Africa, Botswana or Zambia (where they are more readily available for cheaper rates) and then drive into Zimbabwe.
Main Roads: There is a good network of main roads in the region, but they are not motorways (or even highways as such). Most are two-lane tarred roads which have deteriorated in places due to lack of maintenance. Do not drive too fast. Be careful of potholes and of animals (see below).
Main roads between cities or borders are often congested with long-haul trucks, lorries and buses. Many of them do not stick to speed limits and overtaking can be hazardous. Be extremely cautious.
Exercise particular caution when travelling along main tarred roads through rural or wild areas. Domestic animals (cows, goats etc) may wander freely into the road, and in wild areas (including even within towns like Victoria Falls or Kariba), wild animals including elephants and hippos, can unexpectedly cross the road in front of you. Avoid travelling at night if possible.
Gravel/dirt Roads: Most dirt roads in rural areas or National Parks are passable during the dry winter months in a sturdy car, pick-up or 4x4, but can be corrugatedm and may sometimes have large potholes.
During the rainy season months (Dec-April) roads can become very rutted and potholed, even in urban areas. Extreme caution is required when travelling to remote areas on dirt roads. A sturdy 4x4 is essential. During heavy rains, some dirt roads can become impassable as they become very muddy. River crossings can be flooded, and sometimes there can be dangerous wash-aways on bridges. Carry a winch and/or a heavy-duty tow-rope and a large spade. Try to avoid driving without an accompanying vehicle, in case you have a breakdown or are stranded by a flooded river.
Zimbabwe's main roads have tollgates between major cities and towns. The toll for ordinary cars, including 4x4s is currently $2 per transit. Minibuses and buses are charged more. Make sure you have some small change on hand for the tolls, otherwise there will be delay getting through while change is sought. Tolls on main access routes in Zimbabwe are aimed at assisting the authorities in improving the state of the roads in the country.
When travelling in urban areas, be aware that traffic lights are not always working due to electricity cuts and lack of maintenance. Approach all intersections with caution. If the lights appear to be non-functional, put on your emergency hazards and cross only when the road is clear.
Under Zimbabwean law, if the presidential motorcade approaches, (signalled by large motorcycles with flashing blue lights and wailing sirens) you must pull over and stop on the side of the road until the whole motorcade has passed. Do not attempt to avoid this.
Police road blocks are common. Remain calm, always be polite, co-operate and follow instructions or requests. You may have your vehicle searched. Show your driver's licence if required. If you are in the wrong, accept it as being your fault and pay a fine. Insist on an official receipt (i.e.Form Z69 (j) Admission of Guilt).
For information about the latest traffic offences and corresponding fines see:-
- Travel Advice for Motorists visiting Zimbabwe (Aug 2016)
- Cubby Hole Notes" (Big Sky Supplies)
- Big Sky Supplies - downloadable Files
If you feel you are being treated unfairly, stand your ground, but don't be rude and whatever you do, do not swear! All Police Officers have a force number, which they should give you, on request. Do not be tempted to get out of a Traffic Offence by buying your way out of the problem. We do not need corruption in Zimbabwe, rather an enforcement of the Rule of Law. Keep your sense of humour - it often helps!
If you feel you have been unfairly treated, you can call the Zimbabwe Republic Police 24 HOUR National Complaints Line: +263 4 703 631
You can also register a complaint on the ZRP national WhatsApp hotline +263 782 475000.
If you have a serious problem at a Police roadblock and need some help, call any of the following Police Public Relations officers:
ZRP Public Relations Assistant – Sergeant Govere – +263 772 969485
The ZRP National Whatsapp hotline: +263 782 475000.
Spokesperson Traffic - Inspector Chigome: +263 782 951537 or +263 772 965 030 or +263 4 799269 Ext 124
Senior Inspector NCUBE:
+263 772 719730 or +263 712 769768
Senior Inspector KANGWARE:
+263 712 415491
Officers’ Commanding, ZRP Traffic:
Bulawayo - Chief Superintendent Nyathi (+263 9) 887916 Cell: +263 712 874452
Harare - Chief Superintendent Marufu (+263 4) 777642 Cell: +263 716 360698
Please do not abuse these telephone numbers. They have been made available in good faith for reporting personal incidents or experiences, and for constructive criticism or genuine complaints only.)
- Self-Driving - Routes through the Zambezi Valley
- Travel advice for motorists visiting Zimbabwe (August 2016)
- Advice for self-drivers in Southern Africa (Dec 2013)