Zimbabwe's vast fresh-water inland sea - 280 kms long and 40 kms at its widest - formed when the Zambezi River was dammed at Kariba Gorge in the 1950s. A wildlife and water wilderness paradise!
Lake Kariba is the name given to the huge body of fresh water which spread 5 200 sq km over the Zambezi River valley after construction of the first major hydro-electric dam was completed in 1959, across Africa's fourth largest river. It is roughly estimated to be about 280kms long and 40 kms at its widest.
Lake Kariba has since become an attractive and popular holiday destination. Its vast expanse of water forms a boundary between Zimbabwe and Zambia; its extensive and attractive shorelines are home to large populations of wildlife and its islands are dotted in a picture-postcard deep blue sea against a backdrop of high escarpment mountain ranges on each side. Big sky sunsets over the lake are legendary, with the calm water turning to golden shot silk in the dusk and the bare branches of its famous drowned trees silhouetted in the foreground.
Lake Kariba is a laid-back holiday playground with a wide choice of activities ideal for families, a hot, tropical climate, fantastic fishing, lots of boating choices, houseboats, motorboating, sailing, and watersports and wildlife and safari opportunities second to none.
Most people visiting Lake Kariba take a boat out of one of the harbours (Kariba Town at the north-eastern end of the lake and Binga or Mlibizi at the western end). Some are crossing the lake to stay at one of the safari or fishing camps along the shoreline, in the Matusadona National Park or the islands. Others are setting out for a leisurely cruise of several days aboard a houseboat, fishing, game-viewing, birding, sunbathing or simply relaxing.
Lake Kariba has lots of these “floating hotels” of various sizes, shapes and degrees of comfort. They can be hired either on a full-board or self-catering basis and are usually equipped with an efficient and hard-working crew who will do everything to provide you with a holiday of a lifetime.
The most popular destination for houseboat holidays out of Kariba town is the Matusadona National Park, about 30kms across the lake, where there are islands, tranquil bays and creeks teeming with wildlife against the magnificent backdrop of the Zambezi escarpment mountains. If you are lucky, you can see a variety of large African mammal species, including elephant, buffalo, lion and cheetah and a staggering variety of waterbirds.
Fishing is excellent sport in Lake Kariba's waters. The magnificent tigerfish, endemic to the Zambezi River, is a thrilling catch for avid anglers, and the focus of an International Tigerfishing Tournament held in Kariba in October each year. Various other species including several types of bream make good eating. Bait is available from the boat harbours and some fishing tackle can be provided, but it is advisable to bring your own if possible. National Park entry and fishing permits are essential and can usually be obtained from your boat harbour at Kariba, Binga or Mlibizi. Be especially careful when fishing or walking near the shoreline, and never swim in the lake. It has a very large population of crocodiles.
Local art, culture and legend
The sad reality of Lake Kariba is that this huge body of water displaced a large number of the Zambezi valley's original inhabitants, the Tonga people, who were evacuated from their ancestral, riverside fishing grounds to a harsh new life in arid farmlands inland to the south of the new lake.
The Tonga were convinced that Nyaminyami, their river god of the Zambezi, angry at the building of the dam, would one day wreak havoc and destroy the wall. He had several attempts - two major floods during construction in the 1950s succeeded in breaching the coffer dam and setting back progress for many months. However, in the end his wrath was overcome and the wall has held back the waters every since.
The legend of Nyaminyami has inspired art, sculpture and craft work in the Kariba area and provided a livelihood for local people who sell intricately carved wooden walking sticks depicting the snake-like river god to visitors. At the western end of the lake around the Binga area, traditional Tonga skills of wood carving and basket-weaving have been developed into thriving industries the products of which are exported worldwide.
Latest ZimParks Fees (Travel Advice)
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Tigerfishing on Lake Kariba - Sept 2013
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Tiger tournament introduces Catch & Release - Oct 2012
A fitting 50th! - Nov 2011
Catch a tiger in Kariba! - Oct 2011
UNESCO declares Zambezi Valley a Biosphere Reserve - June 2010
Kariba at 50 - a spectacular site! - May 2010
Kariba dam wall is safe and well maintained - Aug 2009